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陕西疾控:流感疫苗与新冠疫苗接种间隔大于14天******

  近期,陕西省启动新冠病毒疫苗加强免疫,当前也正是流感疫苗接种的合适季节,秋新冠疫苗和流感疫苗该如何一起接种?陕西省疾控中心专家针对群众关心的一些热点问题进行了解读。

  陕西省疾病预防控制中心免疫规划所副主任医师胡伟军介绍说,根据国家安排,陕西省目前已启动全省新冠病毒疫苗加强免疫。新冠病毒疫苗接种后6个月进行加强免疫,可以使受种者体内的中和抗体迅速增长,且加强免疫后抗体谱也更广,意味着它对变异株会产生更好的防护作用。当前,全球新冠肺炎疫情仍处于大流行阶段,境外疫情输入我国风险依然很大。近期我国部分地区接连发生本土聚集性疫情,外防输入、内防反弹任务艰巨繁重。

  为什么要开展加强免疫?全球接种新冠疫苗的总剂次已超60亿余次,我国已超22亿剂次。根据国内外研究结果来看,疫苗在预防感染、减少发病方面发挥了很大作用。但疫苗接种之后,免疫力和保护效果会随着时间推移下降、削弱。研究显示,新冠病毒疫苗接种后6个月进行加强免疫,可以使受种者体内的中和抗体迅速增长,发生不良反应的种类和几率与基础免疫没有显著差异。同时,加强免疫后不仅抗体水平增加,抗体谱也更广,意味着它对变异株会产生更好的防护作用。因此,有必要进行新冠病毒疫苗的加强免疫。

  加强免疫的目标人群有哪些?现阶段新冠病毒疫苗加强免疫的目标人群为接种两针国药中生北京公司、北京科兴中维公司、国药中生武汉公司灭活疫苗和接种一针天津康希诺公司的腺病毒载体疫苗满6个月的18岁及以上人群。优先对感染高风险人群,包括口岸、隔离场所、定点医疗机构从业人员等,保障社会基本运行的关键岗位以及传播风险较高人群进行接种,同时对60岁及以上等感染后导致重症风险高的人群、出国工作学习人员以及其他符合条件且有接种需要的人群,提供加强免疫接种服务。

  加强免疫的接种原则有哪些?

  (一)灭活疫苗:接种第2剂次满6个月以上,进行1剂次的加强免疫。建议2剂次使用同一种灭活疫苗的人群,使用原疫苗进行加强免疫;2剂次使用不同灭活疫苗的人群,优先选用与第2剂次相同疫苗进行加强免疫,若第2剂次疫苗无法供应时,使用与第1剂次相同的疫苗进行加强免疫。

  (二)腺病毒载体疫苗:接种满6个月以上,使用原疫苗进行1剂次的加强免疫。

  流感疫苗与新冠病毒疫苗是否可以同时接种?

  目前流感疫苗与新冠病毒疫苗同时接种免疫原性和安全性影响的研究仍在进行,参照我国《新冠病毒疫苗接种技术指南(第一版)》,原则上建议流感疫苗与新冠病毒疫苗接种间隔应大于14天,具体情况分为:

  1.在接种流感疫苗14天以后接种新冠病毒疫苗;

  2.在完成新冠病毒疫苗全程接种程序14天后接种流感疫苗;

  3.在两剂新冠病毒疫苗之间接种流感疫苗,即在接种第1剂次新冠病毒疫苗14天后接种流感疫苗,再间隔14天后接种第2剂次新冠病毒疫苗。

  需要注意的是选择两剂新冠病毒疫苗之间接种流感疫苗,需遵循新冠病毒疫苗接种剂次和间隔的要求。

  华商报记者 李琳



来源:华商网-华商报

编辑:报社方正

Slovakia's Vlhova defends title at slalom world cup season opener******

BRATISLAVA, Nov. 21 (Xinhua) -- Slovakia's Petra Vlhova edged arch-rival Mikaela Shiffrin of the United States by 0.31 seconds to defend her slalom title at the season opening women's alpine skiing World Cup in the Finnish resort of Levi on Saturday.。

German skier Lena Duerr finished third, trailing by 0.84 seconds.。

Levi has become Vlhova's favorite and most successful resort as she won both slaloms here last year as well as in 2017.。

"I like to ski on the snow in Levi, I am starting to love Finland and the local weather. It doesn't happen often that I win in the same resort two years in a row. I am happy that I did here," admitted the overjoyed Slovak skier after her 21st career victory.。

The 26-year-old dominated both runs in Levi as she had no trouble navigating the rhythmic course laid out by the Swiss coach Christian Brill and made no mistakes.。

"I did better on my second run as I tried to improve in the lower section which cost me some time in the first run. It paid out," said the Slovak skiing star after crossing the finish line.。

Besides a gold medal, Vlhova, as the winner, will also receive a third reindeer calf from the Levi organizers, a tradition of the event starting from 2013.。

Vlhova named the first one she got Igor after her father, the second is called Pepi after her mental coach.。

"I will call the new one Michal probably, that's the name of my boyfriend, the love of my life," said Vlhova about the latest addition to her virtual private zoo.。

After a third place in the season opener in Soelden and not participating in the parallel slalom in Lech, Vlhova is now third in the overall World Cup cup standings. Shiffrin leads with 180 points.。

The event in Levi continues on Sunday with the second slalom race. Enditem。

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Western countries lift COVID******

More than two years into the COVID-19 pandemic, the global infections and deaths have waxed and waned in different parts of the world.

As the Omicron variant of the coronavirus appeared more contagious and less lethal, several Western countries, where cases have been falling in recent weeks, decided to lift their restrictions.

In its latest report issued on Tuesday, the World Health Organization said the number of new weekly COVID-19 cases increased by 8 percent last week, as compared to the week prior to it, after "a consistent decrease" in the caseload since the end of January.

"The number of new deaths continued a decreasing trend," globally down by 17 percent last week as compared to the week from February 28 to March 6, the WHO added.

In the United States, the worst-hit country with the highest caseload and the most deaths in the world, President Joe Biden called on Americans to return to the office and "fill our great downtowns again" in his State of the Union Address earlier this month.

The United States has recorded around 79 million cases and over 960,000 deaths, while daily cases continue to drop, according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

"We currently have about 35,000 cases in this country. We expect some fluctuation, especially at this relatively low level, and, certainly, that to increase," White House Press Secretary Jen Psaki said at a press briefing on Monday.

Across the Atlantic, the British government said Monday that all remaining COVID-19 international travel restrictions will end Friday to make going on holiday easier for the Easter school vacation.

Transport Secretary Grant Shapps said the changes will mean people "can travel just like in the good old days."

Britain recorded an average of 73,310 cases per day last week, according to COVID-19 statistics from The New York Times. The country's caseload has increased by 77 percent from the average two weeks ago, while deaths have fallen by 10 percent.

France also lifted most coronavirus bans on Monday, ending the need to wear masks in schools, offices and shops, and allowing the unvaccinated back into bars, restaurants and cinemas.

Official data showed COVID-19 cases in France have increased by 23 percent from the average two weeks ago, while deaths have decreased by 37 percent.

On Tuesday, Dutch Health Minister Ernst Kuiper announced that the government would further scale down COVID-19 rules from next Wednesday. The mask obligation in public transport will disappear, and a negative test is no longer required at events with more than 500 participants.

In Oceania, daily COVID-19 cases have been falling in Australia, but still rising in New Zealand.

Australia said on Tuesday that it is about to ease its entry ban for international cruise ships next month, bringing an end to all major COVID-19 travel bans. Last month, Australia reopened its airports to vaccinated international travellers.

New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern said Wednesday that the country was "ready to welcome the world back" as the nation continued to ease its coronavirus restrictions.

"Closing our border was one of the first actions we took to stop COVID-19 two years ago. It did the job we needed. But now that we're highly vaccinated and predicted to be off our Omicron peak, it's now safe to open up," she said.

西安多家影城再次停业 恢复时间另行通知******

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  10月22日,西安各大影城又陆续停业了,对于影迷朋友来说,这不是一件开心的事,但疫情之下,为了确保所有人员安全却不得不为之。

  “提前在网上定了票,我还准备全副武装去看电影,没想到就接到影城消息,影城今天开始停业了,具体什么恢复还不确定。”家住高新区的邓女士告诉记者。随后,几家影城的停业通告也在朋友圈里传播开来,“根据最新疫情防控工作需要,奥斯卡影城自即日起西安市所有门店暂停开放,恢复开放时间另行通知。请关注’西安奥斯卡影城’微信公众号,了解相关信息。已经在网上购买影票的顾客,可通过原预定渠道退还票款,如您有任何疑问,请致门店电话咨询。由此给您带来的不便,我们深表歉意,敬请谅解。”西安奥斯卡影城的公告说明,自10月22日起,奥斯卡影城西安市所有门店暂停开放。22日下午,华商报记者在网上多个电影票售卖平台看到,选择影城基本都会提示“暂无该影院影片信息”,极个别影城除外。

  “我们是根据各个区下发的防疫要求对门店陆续进行关停的,前一两天雁塔新城曲江的影城陆续先停,今天经开高新几个也都停了,具体开放时间待定。”西安奥斯卡影城一位工作人员表示,除了奥斯卡院线之外,西安其他院线的影城也是22日全部关停了,“8月份因为疫情原因停了一阵,过了忙碌的国庆档,又停了,疫情对影城之类密闭性场所影响很大,当然还有旅游业,真希望这疫情早点过去。”

  华商报记者 肖琳



来源:华商网-华商报

编辑:报社方正

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