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Yanqing's competition venues for Beijing 2022 fully covered with 5G******

BEIJING, Dec. 17 (Xinhua) -- With less than 50 days away before the Beijing 2022 Olympic Winter Games, full coverage of 5G signals has been in place at the National Sliding Center and the National Alpine Skiing Center.。

The two venues, located in the Yanqing competition zone, are set to host the alpine skiing, bobsleigh, skeleton and luge competitions during the Games.。

According to China Unicom, a leading telecom firm in China and the official telecommunication services partner for the Games, more than 30 5G base stations have been set up at the venues to ensure real-time weather forecast, timing and scoring, as well as media coverage.。

Yang Peng, deputy general manager of the network department of China Unicom Beijing, said that weather conditions play a pivotal role in alpine skiing, making 5G-backed real-time weather data collection for a forecast one of the top priorities for the event.。

"The 5G coverage enables real-time transmission of initial velocity, instantaneous speed and other data of athletes for timing and scoring," said Zhang Jia, director of Winter Olympics Office of China Unicom Beijing.。

Remote medical care can also be empowered by 5G during the Games in case of any injury, Zhang added.。

The 2022 Winter Olympics will open on February 4. Enditem。

Chinese yuan weakens to 6.4145 against USD Thursday******

BEIJING, Nov. 11 (Xinhua) -- The central parity rate of the Chinese currency renminbi, or the yuan, weakened 197 pips to 6.4145 against the U.S. dollar Thursday, according to the China Foreign Exchange Trade System.。

In China's spot foreign exchange market, the yuan is allowed to rise or fall by 2 percent from the central parity rate each trading day.。

The central parity rate of the yuan against the U.S. dollar is based on a weighted average of prices offered by market makers before the opening of the interbank market each business day. Enditem。

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坚决杜绝德尔塔及奥密克戎肺炎疫情键入 重点地区来返西安工作人员将被赋码管理方法******

本报讯 (小编 李亮黎)1月2日至今,河南、上海、广东省深圳市陆续产生德尔塔株引发的当地疫情;1月8日天津又发生了奥密克戎突变株引发的当地疫情,目前为止,总计验出40例病毒感染者。以上地域疫情所汇报的病案活动轨迹涉及到医院门诊、药房、院校、餐饮店、市集及其城市公共交通等好几个群体聚集场地,小区散播和疫情外流风险性很高,为严格预防河南、上海、广东省深圳市、天津疫情与本市疫情累加,西安市疾控中心提示广大群众积极上报行程安排。尤其是14日内与中国汇报的诊断病案以及密切接触者有触碰史或是活动轨迹有相交的来(返)西安人员;有中国中风险地域所属县(区)旅居生活史来(返)西安人员;尤其是河南省郑州市,许昌市禹州市、周口市太康县、信阳市固始县、商丘市睢阳区、安阳市文峰区、滑县,上海浦东新区、上海奉贤、上海市宝山区,浙江绍兴、金华市及其天津产业生态圈、广东深圳市龙岗区的来(返)西安人员,第一时间积极向所属小区(村)、企业或所住宾馆上报,并相互配合做好信息备案、抗体检测及集中化防护14天等防控措施。

凡14日内从河南、上海、浙江、广东除以上地域外的别的来返西安人员,第一时间积极向所属小区(村)、企业或所住宾馆上报,到达西安后,开展一次Dna取样,并相互配合做好信息备案、抗体检测、健康监测14天等防控措施。各小区要马上进行排查工作中,尽量保证不漏一人,贯彻落实管控措施。

另据统计,1月10日,刑侦大队公布通知,将加强外地风险性地域来返西安人员管理方面,对违反者将严肃认真追责法律依据。市大数据局将对重点地区来(返)西安人员开展编码管理方法。被赋红码、黄码人员要积极加强本人信息上报,并维持24钟头电話通畅,在收到各县区疫情防治总指挥部的电話或短信通知后,应紧密配合进行相对应防疫工作规定。

请外地来(返)西安人员和广大群众密切关注官方发布的权威性信息,凡与中国诊断病案有运动轨迹交叉式人员,及其有重点地区旅居生活史人员,要严格遵守规定开展上报,听从疫情防治分组管理。

与此同时,提示广大群众最近不必要不出门,不必要出不来市。严格执行所属住宅小区、街道办的管控措施。是因为特殊情况必须出门的,务必提早向所属小区(村)汇报或所属单位汇报,中途做好安全防护。平时坚持不懈佩戴口罩、讲究卫生、常自然通风等优良的生活方式,留意维持1米以上的社交距离,积极相互配合温度测量、Dna筛选等疫防对策。如出現发烫、干咳嗽、困乏、鼻子堵、流鼻涕、咽喉痛、味觉味蕾减低、角膜炎、肌疼和拉肚子等病症,应立即按标准程序流程预约就诊,并属实告之14天活动轨迹及触碰史。就医全过程佩戴口罩,防止乘坐城市公共交通。


来源于:西安生活报。

编写:王莉文。

双语热点:詹姆斯·韦伯太空望远镜已到达最终观测位置******

在发射升空三十天后,詹姆斯·韦伯望远镜(James Webb Telescope)于北美时间1月24日抵达距离地球150万公里的目的地——第二拉格朗日点。该点始终与地球和太阳保持在几乎同一直线上,使得仪器运转保持相对稳定。现在,地球上的控制人员将会在接下来的几个月对望远镜进行调节,为科学研究做准备。

James Webb telescope parked in observing position

Thirty days after it was launched, the James Webb telescope has arrived at the position in space where it will observe the Universe.

在发射升空三十天后,詹姆斯·韦伯望远镜(James Webb Telescope)已经在太空中抵达其将要观测宇宙的位置。

The Lagrange Point 2, as it's known, is a million miles (1.5 million km) from Earth on its nightside.

这个被称为拉格朗日L2点(Lagrange Point 2)的位置,在地球阴面之外100万英里(150万公里)处。

Webb was finally nudged into an orbit around this location thanks to a short, five-minute thruster burn.

韦伯望远镜是依赖一段5分钟的短时间推进器燃烧,最终被推进这一轨道。

Controllers back on Earth will now spend the coming months tuning the telescope to get it ready for science.

现在,地球上的控制人员将会在接下来的几个月对望远镜进行调节,为科学研究做准备。

Key tasks include switching on the observatory's four instruments, and also focusing its mirrors - in particular, its 6.5m-wide segmented primary reflector.

核心的任务包括打开这台观测望远镜的四个设备,以及调节各面镜的焦点——特别是由多个部分组成的6.5米宽主镜。

"There's a pretty intensive effort to take all of those 18 segments from their current state and get them to act as one big mirror, and also to get the secondary mirror into its optimised condition," explained Charlie Atkinson, the chief engineer on Webb at Northrop Grumman, the American aerospace company that co-led the telescope's development with the US space agency (Nasa).

“将全部18个部分从现在的状态调节成一面大主镜,还要将副镜调到最佳状态,当中有颇为繁重的工作要做,”诺斯洛普·格鲁曼公司(Northrop Grumman)的韦伯望远镜首席工程师查理·阿特金森(Charlie Atkinson)解释说。这家美国航天企业与美国太空总署(NASA)联合主导这个望远镜的研发。

Webb, billed as the successor to the famous Hubble Space Telescope, was launched on 25 December by an Ariane-5 rocket from French Guiana.

韦伯被标榜为著名的哈勃太空望远镜(Hubble Space Telescope)继任者。它在12月25日在法属圭亚那用一枚亚利安5号运载火箭发射升空。

Its overarching goals are to take pictures of the very first stars to shine in the Universe and to probe far-off planets to see if they might be habitable.

它的总体目标是要拍摄宇宙中第一批发光星体的照片,并观测远方星球,看它们是否适合居住。

Europe's Ariane-5 gave the new observatory a near-perfect trajectory and velocity to get it out to L2. Even so, two course correction burns were necessary, with the third on Monday tipping Webb into its planned parking position.

欧洲的亚利安5号火箭以近乎完美的轨迹和速度将这个新的观测望远镜送入L2。即使如此,还是必须进行两个阶段的修正,周一(1月24日)的第三阶段将韦伯推进了计划中的停泊位置。

The Lagrange Point 2 is one of five gravitational "sweet-spots" around the Sun and Earth where satellites can hold their position with few orbital adjustments, thus conserving fuel.

拉格朗日L2点是太阳和地球附近引力场中的五个“理想位置”之一。在这些位置上,卫星能够用很少的轨道调节来保持位置,从而节省燃料。

The other advantage is that Webb will not experience at L2 the big swings in temperature and light endured by space telescopes positioned much closer to Earth.

另一个好处是,韦伯望远镜在L2点上不会像靠近地球位置的太空望远镜那样,经历温度和光线的大幅摇摆。

This is vital for the mission. It's designed to view the cosmos in infrared light and must maintain therefore constant super-cold conditions for its hardware.

这对于这项任务来说至关重要。它的设计是旨在红外光中观察宇宙体系,所以硬件必须保持一贯的超低温状态。

Infrared light has waves that are just longer than those of visible light. "Seeing" in the infrared will allow the telescope to, for example, look through dust to image stars that would otherwise be obscured.

红外光当中有一些波长仅比可视光长一点的光波。举个例子,在红外线中“看得见”,就能让望远镜穿过尘埃,看到一些在一般情况下成像模糊的星体。

Webb will now circle L2, keeping the Earth and the Sun in a near-straight line.

韦伯现在将围绕L2点转动,与地球和太阳保持着几乎成一直线的方位。

"L2 is pseudo-stable," said Jean-Paul Pinaud, who leads the Northrop engineers that keep Webb on track.

“L2点是假稳定状态,”负责领导诺斯洛普·格鲁曼公司的工程师确保韦伯保持轨道的让-保罗·皮诺(Jean-Paul Pinaud)说。

"The flight operations team is preparing routine station-keeping burns. They'll be doing those every 20 days or so with the trajectory calculations provided by our flight dynamics team. We'll set them up in a similar way, and then fire the thruster. But the burns will be quite small."

“飞行操作团队正在准备用常规的燃烧动力保持位置。他们会因应我们的飞行动力学团队所提供的轨道计算资料,每隔20天左右做一次。我们会以相似的方式设置,然后点燃推进器。不过燃烧的强度会比较小。”

Hidden behind a big sunshield, Webb's optics and instruments will soon cool to about -230C (some sections of the telescope are already there). When that happens, controllers will switch on Webb's Near Infrared Camera (NIRCam) to take a picture of a test star to begin the process of aligning the big mirror.

在一块巨大防光罩后面的韦伯望远镜光学仪器和设备,不久就会冷却到大约-230摄氏度(望远镜的其中一些部分已经到达这个温度)。到那个时候,控制人员就会打开韦伯望远镜的近红外摄像机(NIRCam),拍摄一张测试性的星体图片,这是调节主镜程序的开端。

"We know when we first focus on a star in space, we'll actually see 18 different spots of light because the 18 individual mirror segments won't be aligned," said Nasa instrument systems engineer Begoña Vila.

“在我们第一次聚焦于太空中的一颗星的时候,我们会看到18个不同的光点,因为18块单独的镜元件并没有在同一个平面上,”太空总署的设备系统工程师贝戈尼娅·维拉(Begoña Vila)说。

"But we'll adjust the mirrors to bring all the spots together to make a single star that's not aberrated and good for normal operations. It's a long process. It can take up to three months during commissioning, and we are ready to do that.”

“但我们会调节镜元件,将所有的点聚拢到一起,形成一个单独星体的无异常影像,令正常任务得以进行。这是一个较长的过程。它可能会用上三个月来调试,我们已经做好了这样的准备。”

Focusing involves driving small actuators, or motors, on the back of the 18 segments of the primary mirror to harmonise their curvature. The current misalignment, which is measured in millimetres, will be brought down to one measured in nanometres - a factor of a million improvement.

对焦过程涉及控制主镜18块元件背后的小型促动器或者发动机,来调和它们的曲率。当前的错位是以毫米计算,届时将会降低到以纳米计算——这是百万分之一级别的提升。

Similar adjustments will be applied to the 74cm-diameter secondary reflector which sits out in front of the primary mirror and is used to bounce light back towards the instruments.

位于主镜前方、直径74厘米的副镜也会作相似的调节,它的作用是将光反射回设备上。

So far, the Webb mission has not put a step wrong. The launch and journey out to L2 passed off without incident.

目前,韦伯望远镜任务尚未在任何一步出过错。从发射到抵达L2点的旅程,均平安无事。

And even the complex business of unfolding the telescope after it came off the top of the Ariane rocket was made to look like the easiest of rehearsals.

而且,在离开亚利安火箭前端之后,望远镜打开的复杂过程,也被处理得仿佛是最轻松的排演。

"We were thrilled with the precision and success of all those deployments," said Kyle Hott, the mission systems engineering lead at Northrop.

“我们对所有这些程序的精确和成功感到激动,”此次任务的诺斯洛普·格鲁曼公司系统工程师主管凯尔·霍特(Kyle Hott)说。

"It's pretty incredible to think that it was all just a concept on paper decades ago, and now it's actually here, arriving at L2. Morale is high and we're so very excited."

“想想都觉得不可思议的是,几十年前,这一切还只是纸上谈兵的概念,现在它真的实现了,到达了L2点。我们士气高昂,非常兴奋。”

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